The Nevada Division of Environmental Protection
Since the major peacetime use of conventional ammunition is for training, the plan that resulted from the study divided the continental United States into east, central and west regions. Each region received a Tier I facility to reduce transportation costs for training ammunition.
Tier I facilities store ammunition for training and the first 30 days of war reserve ammunition. Tier II facilities store war reserve ammunition to be used after the first 30 days. They are partially staffed in peacetime, but would increase staffing when needed. Tier III, or caretaker, facilities store ammunition excess to the Defense Department's needs. Under 1995 Base Realignment and Closure (BRAC-95) decisions, two facilities were to close and the ammunition mission of the third (Sierra Army Depot) would be reduced to demilitarization only.
HWAD is listed as a Tier II, or caretaker, ammunition facility. HWAD is also is considered the Army's premiere resource recovery and recycling center of conventional ammunition. The HWAD contains over 2,600 buildings or structures, of which 2,200 are explosive storage magazines.
The Western Area Demilitarization Facility
Bureau of Corrective Actions
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